Minden - worth knowing: Historical data

798
First written mention of Minden in the Franconian Imperial Annals

c. 800
Charlemagne founds the diocese of Minden

977
Kaiser Otto II awards Bishop Milo of Minden market, coining and tax rights

c. 1230
Minden’s citizens and their council begin trading independently of the bishop, their town and county sovereign

1530
The council decrees a Protestant Church Order

1552
Minden receives the right to free shipping on the River Weser from Kaiser Karl V

1627
Kaiser Ferdinand II awards the town „Stapelrecht” (storage rights): every transport of grain and timber on the Weser has to stop in Minden, where the goods are then offered for sale

1634
During the 30 Years War, Swedish troops occupy Minden and stay until 1650. Prior to this, the town had been occupied by imperial troops since 1625

1648
As part of the Peace of Westphalia, the town and cathedral chapter are awarded to the Elector of Brandenburg

1723
Minden becomes a Prussian administrative centre for the provinces Minden, Ravensberg, Tecklenburg and Lingen

1759
At the Battle of Minden, Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick leads a coalition army (England, Hanover, Brunswick, Schaumburg-Lippe and Prussia) to victory over French and Saxon troops

1806
Minden is occupied by French troops and awarded to the Kingdom of Westphalia

1810
Minden belongs to the French Empire

1813
Minden is recaptured by Prussian troops and receives fortifications

1816
Establishment of the Prussian administrative district of Minden

1847
Opening of the Cologne-Minden railway

1873
The town’s fortified defences are abolished

1915/16
The Mittelland Canal and its crossing point with the River Weser connect Minden with Germany’s inland navigation system

1938
Minden’s synagogue is destroyed during the so-called Pogrom Night

1943 – 1945
Air raids destroy parts of Minden’s Old Town, including the cathedral and town hall

1947
The district administrative centre is moved from Minden to Detmold

1973
Municipality reform: with the addition of 13 boroughs and 4 communities, Minden’s population swells from 54,000 to 85,000

1998
Celebrations ”1200 Years Minden”

2009
Celebrations ”250th Anniversary Battle of Minden”

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